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Frequently Asked Questions: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis

Q. Why aren‘t doctors using your method to treat and prevent diverticular disease?

Because it isn't based on the kind of interventional therapy doctors traditionally perform but on basic preventive principles available to anyone. Just as you don't need a prescription for a bar of soap to keep your hands germ-free, you don't need a doctor to prevent diverticular disease.

My method's sole objective is to keep a person with a case of preexisting diverticulosis from turning into diverticulitis. Once that happens, it's too late for prevention, and you'll need a doctor. After patching you up in an ideal world, doctors would suggest using this method to prevent a relapse. And as doctors learn more about it, some of them certainly will.

Q. Why does fiber seem to help some people with diverticular disease?

It doesn't. At best, fiber is a placebo. At worse, it's the leading cause of diverticular disease. In between, it creates a false sense of security and delays a proper treatment because fiber may temporarily reduce the symptoms of irregularity by increasing the size and weight of stools and create the illusion that you're no longer constipated. It may also cause diarrhea or semi-soft stools, which, for a while, may clear out the content of an infected diverticulum.

When a person experiences mild diverticulitis, doctors invariably prescribe antibiotics, pain relievers, and anti-inflammatory drugs—the resulting remission results from medication therapy and not from the fiber.

Furthermore, patients with acute diverticulitis aren't placed on high-fiber diets to "relieve" it, but on a zero-fiber liquid diet because gastric surgeons are called in to manage the treatment at this stage, are well aware of fiber's danger, and prohibit patients from taking it.

Q. Why does the conventional treatment of diverticulitis may cause more harm than good?

The conventional treatment may certainly save you from lethal infection, but not from inevitable relapse and surgery. As odd as it may sound, the standard treatment protocol recommends a high fiber diet for patients who have just recovered from acute diverticulitis (underline mine):

“For the patient who is not very ill, treatment at home is reasonable, with rest, a liquid diet, and oral antibiotics (cephalexin 250 mg qid [four times daily]). Symptoms usually subside rapidly. The patient gradually advances to a soft low-roughage diet and a daily psyllium seed preparation. A barium enema 2 wk later can confirm the diagnosis. After 1 mo [month], a high-roughage diet is resumed.”

THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 3, Ch. 33, Diverticular Disease

The key reason behind this oddball strategy is the simple fact that after this intense treatment with antibiotics, the patients‘ intestinal bacteria are wiped out, and they become constipated. A “high-roughage” diet creates the illusion that there is normality, but, alas, this treatment (antibiotics + fiber) is bound to cause diverticulitis again (and not just diverticulitis).

The 17th edition of The Merck Manual finally acknowledged antibiotics-associated colitis: an “acute inflammation of the colon caused by Clostridium difficile [pathogenic bacteria] and associated with antibiotic use.” (3:33:29).

After a certain amount of time, this condition may turn into chronic ulcerative colitis, which increases the risk of colon cancer up to thirty-two times, and, according to The Merck Manual, “nearly 1/3 of patients with extensive ulcerative colitis require surgery” (3:33:31), which usually means colectomy (the complete removal of the colon).

Nonetheless, doctors follow this absurd treatment protocol because that‘s the protocol they were taught while in medical schools, and any other approach may trigger a malpractice lawsuit.

This practice is even stranger when you consider that patients are initially (and correctly) advised to adopt a fiber-free liquid diet to heal their acute diverticular inflammation. But once the acute stage has passed, their health and recovery are put in jeopardy again by the same fiber that caused their diverticulitis in the first place.

It's a systemic error that snuck its way into medical textbooks and still rules. My work on fiber's adverse role in human nutrition and disease is the first substantial revision of this destructive doctrine and unhealthy practice.

Q. What are the most common misconceptions about fiber‘s role in diverticular disease?

The therapeutic and preventative role of fiber in diverticular disease is steeped in its mythology. Let‘s review these myths, as detailed in the article entitled Diverticular Disease by the National Institutes of Health.

For starters, even the opening statement reveals that the beneficial role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of diverticular disease is just conjecture (a theory) without any proof:

Although not proven, the dominant theory is that a low-fiber diet is the main cause of diverticular disease.” [link]

Here are the other “dominant” falsehoods from the same source:

Guidelines for the Treatment of Chronic Constipation:
What is the Evidence?

Specifically, there are 3 RCTs [randomized controlled trials] of wheat bran in patients with chronic constipation, but only 1 is placebo-controlled. This trial did not demonstrate a significant improvement in stool frequency or consistency when compared with placebo — neither did 2 trials that compared wheat bran with corn biscuit or corn bran.

Philip S. Schoenfeld, MD, MSEd, MSc;
Medscape Today from WebMD

   Why? Because people who are affected by chronic constipation are also likely to be affected by hemorrhoidal disease and anorectal nerve damage. In this case, large, rough stools are not only undesirable but are outright damaging. If you already have diverticular disease, your goal is not "large stools more often," but small stools without straining, and fiber is never going to help you accomplish this reasonable and easily attainable goal.

Q. What is the normal frequency of stools?

Ideally, it's best to move bowels after each large meal. Eating and/or drinking stimulate(s) a wave of intestinal peristalsis (gastrocolic reflex), which always precedes defecation. The breaking of this natural elimination pattern necessitates straining because withholding a bowel movement even once causes stools to enlarge and dry out. It is, incidentally, why you should never encourage children to withhold stools.

Also, stool withholding is the primary cause of "traveler's constipation." The fiber, in this case, becomes outright dangerous. First, it takes two to three days for fiber to reach an already congested colon. Second, by the time it does, fiber makes matters only worse because the situation becomes similar to a police car trying to clear out gridlock by driving right into the middle of it. That's how some people "earn" diverticulosis — elastic intestinal walls can easily stretch, bulge, and prolapse to accommodate the arriving and expanding fiber.

Q. I don‘t strain, I‘m not constipated, I don‘t consume fiber, I have small stools, and I still have diverticulosis?

Even a single occurrence of intense straining years ago may have created one or more diverticula. And the chances of that happening grow as you get older because aging intestines aren't as elastic and resilient as before.

Q. What if I still require surgery?

Surgery resects (cuts out) the part of the large intestine affected by infected diverticula. If you resume a high-fiber diet after the surgery, you may still develop another diverticulum because all of the conditions inside your colon before the surgery may happen again. Perhaps they'll get even worse, following the compulsory treatment with antibiotics. Besides, even if you need surgery, your stools and intestinal flora should be kept as normalized as possible to prevent complications and to speed-up recovery.